"Gorecki family of Wieruszowa clan" is the third part of the study devoted to providing genealogy of Gulinski, Niewodowski and Gorecki families, as well as the presentation of Janina clan.
Gorecki family derives from Greater Poland's noble clan Wieruszowa. According to Zychlinski (1), (2) and Boniecki (3) Wieruszowa clan comes from the family of the two brothers, Piotr and Benedykt Wierusz, the sons of Lutolda, living at the turn of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, living in the ziemia wielunska. Dlugosz (4) derives Lutold from Meissen in Saxony. Judging from the number of villages owned by Lutold sons, Lutold had to be rich knight. Unknown is what brought him to Poland, but he must receive from the king or purchase a large amount of land.
Benedykt (other name Bieniasz) Wierusz since 1382, a general judge of ziemia wielunska (5) and opolska, appointed by King Wladyslaw Jagiello (7) as Ostrzeszow governor in 1386 (6), in the year 1401 funded Pauline monastery and two churches in Wieruszow (1) . In ziemia wielunska Benedykt owned following villages: Wieruszow, Kowale, Niemojowo, Osiek, Cieszecin, Cieciulowo, Zytniowice, Wiktorowice, castle in Kopanica with adjacent villages, Walknowice (Walichnowe) and part of Praszka (2) city, that his brother Piotr exchanged from village Michalow (16 km N from Wieruszow). The change has been authorized by King Wladyslaw Jagiello in 1392. In 1409, Benedykt, chamberlain of Wielun died in surrounding of Malbork in a battle with Teutonic Order.
Piotr Wierusz from Kowale, the brother of Benedykt initially inherited Michalow and part of Wieruszow. In 1456, his son, Marcin Wierusz inherited village Kowale (8).
Benedykt, Piotr's brother had two sons, Klemens inheriting the Kowale and Wieruszow, who died in 1450, (9) , Wladyslaw on Walknowice, and Bieniasz, Captain from Battle of Tannenberg (10) who inherited Niemojewo and Osiek. The fourth son of Benedict, Lutold, Wielun governor from 1414 to 1415, Wielun Ensign in 1420, in the years 1418 to 1432 he held the function of Wielun district judge (11). In 1418 served as Wielun captain (12). Lutold inherited Wierusz�w, Biala and Katy (13), (14), (15), (16).
Genealogical lines of Wierusz family are shown on this page.
Gorecki surname is a type derived from place, and in this case from mountain. In Polish, gora means mountain, and gorka means a hill. Gorecki surname means a descendant of Gora or Gorka village owners. In ziemia wielunska are located village of Wieruszowska Gorka (Hill of Wieruszow) located 7 km W from Wieruszow, or Gorki (Hills), the village lying within chain of villages owned by Wierusz Niemojowski family: Kloska, Gorki, Lututow and Dymki (about 20 km NE of Wieruszow).
Jan Wierusz Niemojowski, who's name exists in sources starting from the second half of the sixteenth century inherited Gorki and Kloski. Samuel, nephew John and son of Lukasz inherited the same the same Gorki (17). According to Zychlinski, this branch died out in two generations and Gorki and Kloski changed owners to other Niemojowski branch of Martin and Bieniasz, but then village Gorki and its owners are not present in the sources. The first known Gorecki family member of Wieruszowa clan was found in documents in the first half of the sixteenth century, but it is difficult to determine their relationship with the descendants of Wierusz.
Paparocki, followed by Niesiecki (18), (19) while describing members of Wieruszowa clan writes: "Maciej Gorecki, Ensign of Poznan and Crown Field Clerk was my age and �he had offspring." Dworzaczek (20) validates the data arguing that Paprocki living in the same years as Gorecki Maciej because of the position, he had to know Maciej ancestral affiliation. In the years 1555-1566 Maciej Gorecki as governor appointed by King Sigismund Augustus in the prefecture of Lviv received the royal commands. In Lviv, in 1563 the court decided the dispute between Maciej Gorecki and Kasper de Castiglione, goldsmith from Cracow. In 1567, Maciej obtained from the king village Maszana as a lease (21) .
A contemporary author Adam Bien (22) referring to the Polish Biographical Dictionary (23) gives the date of holding the office of Poznan Ensign by Maciej Gorecki as years 1547 to 1584, and adds that Maciej was appointed governor of Pobiedziska (20 miles E of Poznan), but considers him as a member of Sokola clan. According to Bien, Maciej as a representative of Russian province signed the renewal of the act of reunion with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1569 (24). According to other sources, Maciej Gorecki was a courtier of King Sigismund I (reigned 1506-1548) and the King Stefan Bathory (reigning from 1576 to 1596) (25), (26). Maciej died about the year 1585.
Mikolaj Rej, one of the most known writers of reformation period in his poem "Zwierzyniec" described Maciej Gorecki Ensign of Poznan and Crown Field Clerk as outspoken and always honest individual.
Another Gorecki of Wieruszowa clan from the second half of the sixteenth century presents Niesiecki (18). It was Gorecki Roch documented in the year 1575.
A little later, in 1625 during the regional council Wojciech G�recki from Galewice and Stefan Bielski from Biala, both residents of Wielun district, certified noble origin of Stefan Nycz (27) .
Based on the list of royal electors, Boniecki assigned Piotr Gorecki, resident of ziemia wielunska, who in 1632 voted in favor of the choice of Wladyslaw IV (9), and Waclaw Gorecki, also resident of ziemia wielunska, who voted during election of King Jana Kazimierz in 1648 (3) to Wieruszowa clan.
English speakers may be confused of term "kings election" as in the western world the king title passes through ruling dynasty. Such situation occurred also in Poland during existence of two dynasties: Piast dynasty and Jagiellonian dynasty, although both dynasties were originated based on election: Piast dynasty during gathering called wiec and Jagiellonian dynasty during parliament (sejm) session. After the end of Jagiellonian dynasty in 1572, all next kings were elected by sejm. The elections set way for the empowerment of the electorate (the nobility), as the contender to the throne would consider issuing promises to the nobles to be fulfilled after the successful election.
In "Przyczynki do dziejow ziemi sieradzkiej" (28), mentioned are Pawel Gorecki, burgrave of Ostrzeszow town, and Tomasz, Mikolaj and Jakub Gorecki. Tomasz Gorecki according to knights register of ziemia wielunska, who participated in a mobilization of armed forces in 1621 sent to Lviv son on horseback. Names of Mikolaj and Jakub Gorecki appeared in the following year in "Regestrum nobilitatis" in acts of municipal Sieradz. Using Boniecki method, these individuals should be identified with Wieruszowa clan as well, as ziemia wielunska and Ostrzeszow belonged to Sieradz province.
Thanks to the work of Boniecki (3), we learn that Boleslaw Wierusz Gorecki, Lieutenant Colonel of the royal guard, received in 1720 the Biala village, located in ziemia wielunska (29), and that Jan Waclaw Gorecki, Wielun treasurer in 1720 had a son Samuel (30), (31).
Wieruszow family representative could be Thomas Gorecki, assessor and deputant of Piotrkow county at Sieradz city council in 1791.
Gorecki family hold own brand of Wieruszowa coat of arms, whose image is found in the "Armorial of Polish gentry" by Wladyslaw Nowina Chrzanowski. Chrzanowski has collected images of almost seven thousand coats of arms, but unfortunately did not provide the sources. Among five graphical representations of the Wieruszowa clan coat of arms, the Gorecki coat of arms is characterized by semi-tautological jewel in which the half goat is located on background of five ostrich feathers.
Another branch of Gorecki family of Wieruszowa clan from the end of eighteenth century has been lately discovered in Volhynia. This branch is documented here.
Gorecki family member of Wieruszowa clan took a part in of Spring of Nations of 1848. Father of Pawel, resident of Cracow area in 1848, fought under the command of General Bem in Hungary (32). Pawel Gorecki had following children: Zygmunt, Kazimierz and Janina Gorecka. Over fifty years old Pawel and his son Zygmunt fought to the end of the First World War in Pilsudski's legions. Zygmunt born 3.V.1891, he married Stefania nee Indyka born 15.XI.1908, and died in Darlowo 12.VI.1997. Zygmunt as a volunteer in the Polish Army 1920-1921 took part in the Polish-Russian War. After 1945 he settled in Trabki Wielkie near Gdansk, where till the end of his life (9.IX.1962) managed the elementary school. The only son of Stefania and Zygmunt was Zbyslaw born 26.IV.1926, in Boleslaw near Olkusz, writer (33) and socio-cultural activist in Darlowo. Zbyslaw children are Grazyna Gorecka and Ewa Gorecka.
Typical costumes from the sixteenth century nobility are shown in illustrations C and D. Armor of the fourteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries knights is shown in illustrations A and B. Appearance of typical noble houses provide the following illustrations: E, F, G and H.Andrzej Guli�ski
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