13. Coat of Arms "Shield on the Shield".

13.1 Francce.

The "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms (French: bordure) of Pope Benedict XII. "Gesta Pontificum Romanorum" in Venice (1) was created by Giovanni Palazo in 1688. Benedykt XII, or Jacques Fournier, born in 1285 in Saverdun, in Pyrenees Mountains, France, was a pope from 1334-1342. A Cistercian monk, he graduated from Paris University in theology. He was then the bishop of Pamiers, and later, the Bishop of Mirapoix. As a pope he resided in Avignon, and was later burried in 1342 in Notre-Dame des Doms (2).
This is another "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms of Pope Benedict XII carved on keystone in the papal palace of Avignon. The shields are surmounted by small crossed keys wards downward. (2A).

13.2 Czech.

The "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms (Czech: lem, or bordura) belonged to the Kladensky family from Kladno (Western Bohemia), the Kraselovsky family from Kraselov (25 km W from Prague), the Chanovsky family and the Dlouchoveski family from Dlouche Vsi . This coat of arms is in the late gothic style (3), (4).

13.3 Poland. The variations of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms of the Janina clan.

This is a variation of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms (5), belonging to the Churzowski family. Starykon (6) calls the family "Chunowski", and adds the helmet and three peacock's feathers to the crown. Blue mantling is added to the silver base. This coat of arms illustrates a round warrior's shield turned to the left. In addition, because this coat of arms portrays a real object, it is classified as a "speaking" coat of arms.
This is another variation of "Shield on the shield" coat of arms shown by Tadeusz Gajl (7) of the Axt family from Silesia. According to Zbigniew Leszczyc (8), the family proven Janina clan membership in Silesia in 1628.
This is the shape of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms of the Kaszowski and Gulinski families, which is provided by Tadeusz Gajl (7). The purpure shield is located on larger, red one. On the top located are seven peacock feathers.
This is the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms of the Jankowski family from Janowo, near Bidziny, in Sandomierz province (5). Starykon (6) describes it as a gold shield placed on a red backdrop. Above the helmet, a peacock's tail was positioned in the crown.
Another version of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms (5) belonging to the Jurgielewicz family of Lithuanian origin. Starykon (6), describes it as a smaller, purple shield with a silver outline placed on a red background. Inside the shield is a gate in a wall. The Jurgielewicz's coat of arms is made up of the upper part, called the crown, and the lower part-where the shield is located. In the upper part, there is an arm holding s sword between wings. The shield was given in September 9, 1571 to the Lithuanian knight, Jurgielewicz, by the Polish-Lithuanian king Stefan Bathory. According to Polish heraldic rules, a coat of arms could only be inherited, but the previous kings already used a special provision to the rule. From that time, in very few cases, the rule could be expanded and could include people who were not family members. In this particular case, the king's action was a political one, intended to indicate the equal rights of the Polish and Lithuanian noble groups.
This is the shape of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms of the Maciejowski family according to a seventeenth century painting of Zofia Maciejewska, born in 1548 in Cracow, married name Czeska. After becoming a widow, she entered the convent and become a nun, where she founded the first school for girls in 1627 and the woman's religious order, "The Virgins of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary", or the Presentation Virgins, which is still in existence today in Poland as well as in Ukraine. The shields are of the Renaissance style.
This is yet another variation of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms that belonged to the Podlodowski family (5). It is another example of a "speaking" coat of arms with the smaller shield turned to the right.
This is a "Shield on the Shield" seal print from 1379 of the Pelka family from Czyzow, presented by F. Piekosinski (9), (10).
This is a "Shield on the Shield" seal print from 1499 of Piotr Pszonka, Lublin province district magistrate. (11).
This variation of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms belonged to Pawel Piasecki, who was the secretary of King Sigmunt III Vasa, cannon of Poznan, Warsaw and Lublin, also an abbot of the Mogilno Monastery (1624-1649), bishop of Kamieniec from 1627, and then bishop of Przemysl. The shield is located on another, larger one. Both are placed on yet another, bigger one. These shields are of the Renaissance style (12).
This is Adam Pszonka's of Babin version of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms. This is a seal print from a leather binding of "Actiones variae ratione hereditatis Visokie" also called Pszonka's Archives, or Kaszowski Archives, and is kept in Zaklad Narodowy im. Ossolinskich in Wroclaw. The shields are of the Renaissance style.
This is the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms of elected king Jan III Sobieski, which includes a prince's crown. Instead of usual mantling, there is a quiver with arrows inside, a bow as well as a sword. The smaller knight's shield is turned to the left.
On the left is a copy of Sobieski's coat of arms (5). This is another example of the "speaking" coat of arms with the smaller knight's shield turned to the left. The coat of arms includes two crowns - a noble's and princes.
This exlibris of the Sobieski family is from the cover of Metryka Koronna (13). The shield is located at the center of a divided heraldic shield that includes the coat of arms of Poland, as well as Lithuania.
Gdansk's astronomer, Jan Hevelius named discovered constellation located near the sky equator the "Sobieski Shield" (Latin: Scutum Sobiescianum) to celebrate the king's victory over Ottoman Turks at Vienna. King Jan III Sobieski supported Polish science and art, and knew Hevelius in person (14)
This is another variation of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms that belonged to the Strzeszkowski family (5). Both shields are of the Renaissance style. In place of the crown, there is a crow flying to the right.
This is the Suchodolski family coat of arms (5). The single Renaissance style shield is divided vertically into two sections. A peacock's tail is located over the noble crown.
This is yet another variation of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms of the Tchorznicki family (5). It is another "speaking" example, which has the smaller shield turned to the left. A knight's shield is placed at the front of the crest in place of the crown.
This is a picture of the "Shield on the shield" of Opocki Family. This print comes from grandfather of Andrzej Opoka (Opocki).
This is a "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms from Stanislaw's of Gorzyce seal. The seal is stored in Biblioteka Czartoryskich in Cracow (15).
This is a print of the seal of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms used by Piotr of Wyszmontow. It is also kept in Biblioteka Czartoryskich in Cracow (15).
This is yet another variation of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms that belonged to the Poglodowski family. It is another example of a "speaking" coat of arms with the smaller shield turned to the left. This coat of arms is presented by Tadeusz Gajl (7) . According to Zbigniew Leszczyc (8), the family become members of the Janina clan in Galicia (part of Austria-Hungary) in 1880.

13.4 Poland - the variations of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms of the unidentified members of the Janina clan.

These are the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms called "Janina 1", "Janina 2", and "Janina 3" (5). Unfortunately, Chrzanowski has not identified the owners of these coat of arms. The identical coat of arms of "Janina 1" has been found in literature (16).
These "Shields on the Shields" coats of arms are called "Janina 1", "Janina 2", and "Janina 3" (6). According to Chrzanowski, the source of "Janina 1" coat of arms is an unidentified record from the Cracow court from 1425. The two sets of colors include a white background on the blue backdrop, incased on a yet larger red background. The seventeenth century's "janina 2" is a knight's shield shown in a profile, which is located on a red background. There are five white peacock's feathers at the top of the helmet. According to Chruscicki, this is a copy of the coat of arms from "Heroldia Krolestwa Polskiego".
The "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms of Janina clan, printed in "Herbarz Polski, wiadomosci historyczno-genealogiczne o rodach szlacheckich", by Adam Boniecki (17). This coat of arms has been located with all members of the Janina clan that Boniecki has identified.
This is a drawing of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms from the Stopnica church (10).
This sculpture of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms, most likely of the Wierzbieta family, has been found in the keystone of the ceiling of the Stopnica church (18).
This is a "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms as found in "Heraldyka polska wieków srednich" (10).
This is yet another "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms called "Janina 2", with the shield turned to the right (19).
This "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms of a Polish noble clan, based on the manuscript "Ancien armorial equestre de la toison d'or et de l'Europe au XV siecle" (20). The same picture has also been found in "Heraldyka polska" by F. Piekosinski (10).
This coat of arms of the Janina clan is called "Shield on the Shield" or "Field on the Field". The colors are based on Bielski (21) and Paprocki (22).
This is another coat of arms of the Janina clan. The color applied are based on "Klejnoty" of Jan Dlugosz (23).
This is a copy of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms from "Heraldyka szlachecka" by A. Kulikowski (24).
This is a picture of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms from "Herby rycerstwa polskiego na zamku w Kurniku" (25). The picture is by Jiri Necas.
This is the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms also called "Field on a Field", based on "Herby szlachty polskiej" by Slawomir Gorzynski (26).
This is another picture of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms of the Janina clan based on "Herbarz sredniowieczny rycerstwa polskiego" (27).
Another "Shield on the Shield" from "Herby, legendy, dawne mity" (28).
This is an identical print of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms by "Herbarz rycerstwa polskiego" (22) and Mariusz Kazanczuk (29).
This is a copy of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms by Niesiecki (15).
This is a carving of the "Shield on the Shield" coat of arms which is located in the underground of St. Andrew's Church in Goslawice near Konin (Greater Poland), which was founded and erected in the fifteenth century by the members of the other clan . The circumstances related to the origin of this carving are unknown. The clear connection to the Janina clan is yet to be explored.
This is the author's compilation of the "Shield on the Shield" and the coat of arms of Standard Bearer.

continuation

Sources

(1) "Gesta Pontificum Romanorum" in Venice, by Giovanni Palazo from 1688.
(2) from Eric John, The Popes. Hawthorn Books, Inc., New York
(2A) from Donald Lindsay Galbreath, Papal Heraldy. Heraldy Today, London 1972
(3) Milan Myslivecek, Ebrovnik, Prague 1993
(4) Milan Buben, Encyklopedie heraldiky, Prague 1997
(5) Wladyslaw Nowina Chrzanowski, Herbarz szlachty polskiej, Institut fur Angewandte Sozialgeschichte, Bonn 1982
(6) Stefan J. Starykon-Kasprzycki, Polska encyklopedia szlachecka, Warsaw 1935-1938
(7) Tadeusz Gail, Herby szlacheckie Polski porozbiorowej..., Gdansk 2005
(8) Zbigniew Leszczyc, Herbarz szlachty polskiej, Warsaw-Wroclaw-Cracow 1995
(9) Franciszek Piekosinski, Rycerstwo polskie, v.2 p.437.
(10) Franciszek Piekosinski, Heraldyka polska wieków �rednich, p.62, p.376.
(11) in manuscript collection of Library of Catholic University in Lublin.
(12) Katalog starych druków Biblioteki Czartoryskich
(13) Metryka koronna, nr. 214
(14) "Scutum Sobiescianum, et Enses Electorales Saxonici, Novi in Coelo Asterismi" Acta Eruditorum, v.10, p. 395-396
(15) Kasper Niesiecki, Herbarz polski, p.454
(16) Jan Nep. Bobrowicz, Dodatek do herbarza polskiego ks. Kaspra Niesieckiego..., Lipsk, 1844
(17) Adam Boniecki, Herbarz polski, wiadomo�ci historyczno-genealogiczne o rodach szlacheckich, Warsaw 1899-1914
(18) A. Szyszko-Bohusz, M. Sokolowski, Ko�cio�y polskie dwunawowe in "Sprawozdania Komisji do badania historii sztuki w Polsce", v. 8: 1912, v. 1, 2, p. 70-124
(19) Hipolit Stupnicki, Herbarz polski, London 1963, v.1 p.225
(20) Loredan Larchey, "Ancien armorial equestre de la toison d'or et de l'Europe au XV siecle" kept in the Arsenal Library in Paris, nr 4790, p. 21
(21) Joachim Bielski, Kronika Marcina Bielskiego
(22) Bartosz Paprocki, Herby rycerstwa polskiego, Wydawnictwo Biblioteki Polskiej, Cracow 1858, p.315.
(23) Jan Dlugosz, Insignia seu clenodia incliti Regni Poloniae (Polish: Herby albo klejnoty slawnego Królestwa Polskiego)
(24) Andrzej Kulikowski, Heraldyka szlachecka
(25) Herby rycerstwa polskiego na zamku w Kórniku, PAN 1988, p.273
(26) Slawomir Gorzynski, Herby szlachty polskiej, p.66
(27) Jozef Szymanski, Herbarz �redniowiecznego rycerstwa polskiego, p.136
(28) Marek Cetwinski, Herby, legendy, dawne mity, p.191
(29) Mariusz Kazanczuk, Staropolskie legendy herbowe


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